According to the Intellectual Property Law, copyright is the right of organizations, personally for works created or owned by themselves. Copyright is recognized for literary, artistic and scientific works such as books, lectures, musical works, theater works, cinematographic works, etc. Copyright automatically forms from the moment works fixed in a certain physical form, regardless of whether the work is published or unpublished, registered or unregistered.

    Related rights are the rights of organizations and individuals to encrypted performances, phonograms, video recordings, broadcasts, and program-carrying satellite signals.

    Copyright registration is also known as copyright protection, the purpose is to ensure the creators of the work against acts of unauthorized use of the work such as: theft, copying, abuse. use the work. In the event of a dispute, a Copyright Registration Certificate is the best proof of the author’s ownership of the work. Moreover, it is also a type of document proving ownership of works, used when valuing a company’s assets in the case of equitization, mergers and acquisitions. Copyright registration is one of the administrative procedures with the competent state agency for the owner who wants to apply for a license to publish books, stories, etc.

    A. The holder has the right to register copyright

    Pursuant to Article 13 of the 2005 Intellectual Property Law, authors and owners have the right to copyright protection including:

    • Organizations and individuals whose works are protected by copyright include the person who directly created the product and the owner of the copyright.
    • The above author and copyright holders include Vietnamese organizations and individuals; foreign organizations and individuals whose works are published for the first time in Vietnam but have not been published in any other country or are published simultaneously in Vietnam within thirty days from the date on which the work is published. that is published for the first time in another country; foreign organizations and individuals whose works are protected in Vietnam under an international treaty on copyright to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a signatory.

    B. Types of copyright registration

    Pursuant to Article 14 of the 2005 Intellectual Property Law, as amended in Clause 5, Article 1 of the Law on amendments and supplements to a number of articles of the 2009 Intellectual Property Law, protected literary, artistic and scientific works include: including:

    • Literary and scientific works, textbooks, textbooks and other works expressed in writing or other characters;
    • Lectures, speeches and other speeches;
    • Press works;
    • Musical works;
    • Theatrical works;
    • Cinematographic works and works created by similar method (hereinafter referred to as cinematographic works);
    • Visual and applied art works;
    • Photographic works;
    • Architectural works;
    • Maps, diagrams, maps, drawings related to topography, architecture, scientific works;
    • Literary and folk art works;
    • Computer programs, data collection;
    • This article also stipulates: Derivative works (Derivative works are works translated from one language into another language, works adapted, adapted, adapted, compiled, annotated, selected) only protected without prejudice to the copyright in the work used as a derivative work.


    In addition, the above works must be directly created by the author with his own intellectual labor, without copying from the works of others.

    Objects not covered by copyright protection include:

    • Newsletter is purely news reporting.
    • Legal documents, administrative documents, other documents in the judicial domain and the official translation of such documents.
    • Process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, data.

    C. Term of protection of copyright and copyright-related rights

    Pursuant to Article 27 of the 2005 Intellectual Property Law, amendments and supplements to Clause 8, Article 1 of the Law amending and supplementing a number of articles of the 2009 Intellectual Property Law:

    • Moral rights of the author: The right to name the work; The right to put your real name or pseudonym on the work; be given a real name or a pseudonym when the work is published or used; The right to protect the integrity of the work, to prevent others from modifying, mutilating or otherwise distorting the work in any way prejudicial to the author’s honor and reputation is protected indefinitely.
    • The right to publish the work or allow others to publish the work and the property rights provided that the term of protection is as follows:
    • Cinematographic, photographic, applied art, anonymous works have a term of protection of seventy-five years, since the work was first published; for unpublished cinematographic, photographic, applied art works within a period of twenty-five years from the time the work is fixed, the term of protection is one hundred years from the date on which the work is fixed. when the work is fixed; for anonymous works, when information about the author appears, the term of protection shall be calculated according to the provisions below;
    • Works that do not fall into the category specified above have a term of protection of for the life of the author and for 50 years following the year of the author’s death; in the case of a work with co-authors, the term of protection shall terminate in the fiftieth year after the year of death of the last co-author;

    The term of protection specified above expires at 24 o’clock on December 31 of the year in which the term of copyright protection is terminated

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